The term assignment comes from the Latin assignatio. It is about the act and the result of assigning: indicating, establishing or granting what corresponds. According to DigoPaul, the concept of assignment can be used with reference to the amount stipulated as salary or for another kind of perception.
For example: “The government announced an increase in the Universal Child Allowance”, “The State promised to pay a family allowance to help meet the unsatisfied basic needs of those who are unemployed”, “The business chamber agreed to a non-remunerative allocation of 6500 pesos ”.
In Argentina, since 2009, there is the Universal Child Allowance for Social Protection. This allowance is paid to unemployed individuals, who have an informal job (in black) or who receive an income below the minimum wage established by law, paying a benefit for each of their children who are under 18 years of age. If the children are disabled, there is no age limit.
The idea of allocation is also used with reference to granting, distributing, or allowing something. Often referred to as resource allocation, in this framework, to name how the funds are distributed in an organization or entity. A mayor, to cite a case, must decide how to allocate municipal resources that are under his control.
Resources can also be people if we analyze the concept from a corporate point of view. Large companies hire tens or hundreds of employees to cover a wide range of activities, generally ranging from accounting and marketing related issues to those that lead to the creation of the products or services they offer to the market.
Although in this era there is a high degree of organization within the business environment with respect to the tasks performed by each employee, depending on the category, a project may require a series of modifications on the campus to meet a very demanding launch date. or to accommodate the incorporation of new talents temporarily or permanently.
In a case like this, the allocation of resources consists not only of investing money and materials in the most convenient way, but also of assigning to each person the jobs that best suit their abilities to minimize the extent of the process.
The assignment of the venue of an event to a country or a city, on the other hand, implies that said territory will host certain activities. The 2018 Soccer World Cup, in this sense, was assigned to Russia.
In the field of computing, it is known as memory allocation to the process of dedicating RAM memory to a particular process, and this can be carried out statically or dynamically, depending on the case.
The static memory allocation is the act of allocating part of the memory leading to a program while it is going through the compilation process, ie before execution occurs. In the case of dynamic allocation, this takes place at runtime, as required by the program.
When resources are limited, software developers can use various techniques to optimize memory allocation and thus run very demanding programs on less powerful devices. It is important to note that if the processor allocates two programs the same memory space, errors of varying severity may occur, depending on the amount of unsaved work or the data being overwritten. This error is quite common in certain operating systems, and leads to an apparently spontaneous restart of the computer.